Comments on a painted textile from the Chimu culture of Peru, 1000-1400 A.D.

by Carl de Borhegyi

 The painted textile above is from the Chimu culture of Peru, 1000-1400 A.D.  It depicts a figure standing above, with feet between what I believe represents a hallucinogenic mushroom, quite possibly an Amanita muscaria mushroom judging by it’s size. The fanged figure is accompanied by two jaguars, which encoded esoterically the spots alluding to the Amanita muscaria mushroom. They symbolize the underworld journey of the deceased and the effect of the mushroom as jaguar transformation.  Under the influence of the hallucinogen, the “bemushroomed” acquires feline fangs and often other attributes of the jaguar, emulating the Sun God in his journey into the Underworld. This esoteric association of mushrooms and jaguar transformation was earlier noted by ethno-archaeologist Peter Furst (1976:78, 80)The twin jaguars symbolize sacrifice and death in the Underworld, associated with the planet Venus as an Evening Star, while the twin birds symbolize the heavens and divine resurrection from the Underworld as Venus, the Morning Star.  

Images like the one above with encoded mushroom and Venus imagery generally depict rituals of self-sacrifice and decapitation in the Underworld, alluding to the sun’s nightly death and subsequent resurrection from the Underworld by a pair of deities associated with the planet Venus as both the Morning Star and Evening star. This dualistic aspect of Venus is why Venus was venerated as both a God of Life and Death.  It was said that (The Title of the Lords of Totonicapan, 1953 third printing 1974, p.184), they [the Quiche Maya] gave thanks to the sun and moon and stars, but particularly to the star that proclaims the day referring to Venus as the Morning star.
Note that the figure above has a stylized mushroom-shaped axe encoded into his headdress. This I believe is code for ritual decapitation, and that the three-step design or icon on either side of the mushroom inspired axe alludes to the mushroom journey into the Underworld. In Mesoamerica this icon represents a b
allcourt, and the ball court was thought of as the entrance to the Underworld. The three-step design, therefore, came to symbolize descent into the Underworld. The mushroom-shaped axe I believe is a metaphor or code for Mushroom-Venus resurrection, via the ritual of decapitation in the Underworld.

While I may be the first  to call attention to this encoded mushroom and Venus imagery, it can be viewed and studied with ease on such internet sites as Justin Kerr’s Maya Vase Data Base and F.A.M.S.I. ( Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies, Inc). 

For more read “BREAKING THE MUSHROOM CODE”  at  mushroomstone.com  or write to deborhegyi@gmail.com

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About deborhegyi
My research was inspired by a theory first proposed by my father, the late Maya archaeologist Dr. Stephan F. de Borhegyi, that hallucinogenic mushroom rituals were a central aspect of Maya religion. He based this theory on his identification of a mushroom stone cult that came into existence in the Guatemala Highlands and Pacific coastal area around 1000 B.C. along with a trophy head cult associated with human sacrifice and the Mesoamerican ballgame. My study, which is exclusively my own work, presents visual evidence that both the hallucinogenic Amanita muscaria mushroom and the Psilocybin mushroom were worshiped and venerated as gods in ancient Mesoamerica. These sacred mushrooms were so cleverly encoded in the religious art of the New World, "Hidden in Plain Sight" that prior to this study they virtually escaped detection. This online research study, "BREAKING THE MUSHROOM CODE" is an enormous document containing over 300 images, is presented in five parts at this time (the Home Page, Soma in the Americas, Part I and Part II, and 2012 Alert ). In the course of my study have found an abundance of archaeological evidence supporting the proposition that Mesoamerica, the high cultures of South America, and Easter Island shared, along with many other New World cultures, elements of a Pan American belief system so ancient that many of the ideas may have come from Asia to the New World with the first human settlers. I believe the key to this entire belief system lies, as proposed by R. Gordon Wasson, in early man's discovery of the mind-altering effects of various hallucinatory substances. The accidental ingestion of these hallucinogenic substances could very well have provided the spark that lifted the mind and imagination of these early humans above and beyond the mundane level of daily existence to contemplation of another reality. In summary, the encoded mushroom imagery occurred with such frequency and in such indisputably religious context that there can be no doubt as to their importance in the development and practice of indigenous religion.

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