Mushrooms Encoded in Religious Art

 

Dionysus the Greek God of the Vine, and Winemaking, and Ritual Madness, and Religious Ecstasyhttps://wordpress.com/post/mayamushroomstone.wordpress.com/531

Dionysus the Greek God of Intoxication, the God of the Good Life, of the Vine, and Winemaking, and Ritual Madness, and Religious Ecstasy. Note what appear to be encoded mushrooms emerging from Dionysus chalice suggesting a mushroom based beverage.

In Vedic and Hindu mythology Soma was considered to be the most precious liquid in the universe, and therefore was an indispensable aspect of all Vedic rituals, used in sacrifices to all the gods. The gods consumed the Soma beverage in order to sustain their immortality. In this aspect, Soma is similar to the Greek ambrosia (cognate to amrita) because it was what the gods drank and what helped make them deities…

“We have drunk the Soma and become Immortal; we have attained the Light, and found the Gods”. (Rig Veda, 8.XLVIII.3)

Soma was referred to as the “God for Gods” seemingly giving him precedence above all other Gods (RV 9.42).

“Soma has several very different aspects in Hindu mythology: on the one hand, he is creator and father of the gods, the supreme being created before the three Vedas, on the other hand he is the moon, and he is also a plant, as well as a liquor that is distilled from the plant and the intoxication produced by the liquor”. (from Larousse, World Mythology, 1963 p.232)

In his groundbreaking book, titled “Mushrooms, food of the gods” (1957, pp.73-77), Robert Graves writes that the formulae for ambrosia and nectar in ancient Greece can be arrived at by writing down the insipid recipes given by the ancient writers,  discovering that the initial letters spell “mushrooms” (R.G. Wasson 1962 p.51). Graves writes that the followers of Dionysos consumed fly agaric [Amanita muscaria mushrooms] during the Dionysian festivals and mysteries, for it “bestows enormous physical power, erotic potency, delusional visions, and the gift of prophecy (Christian Ratsch: The Dictionary of Sacred and Magical Plants)”.

Quoting Robert Graves author of the book Greek Myths…

“I now believe that `ambrosia’ and `nectar’ were intoxicant mushrooms: certainly the amanita muscaria; but perhaps others, too, especially a small, slender dung-mushroom named panaeolus papilionaceus, which induces harmless and most enjoyable hallucinations. The `gods’ for whom, in the myths, ambrosia and nectar were reserved, will have been sacred queens and kings of the pre-Classical era. King Tantalus’s crime was that he broke the taboo by inviting commoners to share his ambrosia”.(http://www.datapacrat.com/True/MUSHROOM/GRAVES.HTM)

Quoting Robert Graves.. (Deyá, Majorca, Spain, 1960)

“SINCE revisiting The Greek Myths in 1958, I have had second thoughts about the drunken god Dionysus, about the Centaurs with their contradictory reputation for wisdom and misdemeanour, and about the nature of divine ambrosia and nectar. These subjects are closely related, because the Centaurs worshipped Dionysus, whose wild autumnal feast was called ‘the Ambrosia’. I no longer believe that when his Maenads ran raging around the countryside, tearing animals or children in pieces and boasted afterwards of travelling to India and back, they had intoxicated themselves solely on wine or ivy ale.

The evidence, summarized in my What Food the Centaurs ate (1958), suggests that Satyrs (goat-totem tribesmen), Centaurs (horse-totem tribesmen), and their Maenad womenfolk, used these brews to wash down mouthfuls of a far stronger drug: namely a raw mushroom, Amanita muscaria, which induces hallucinations, senseless rioting, prophetic sight, erotic energy, and remarkable muscular strength. Some hours of this ecstasy are followed by complete inertia; a phenomenon that would account for the story of how Lycurgus, armed only with an ox-goad, routed Dionysus’s drunken army of Maenads and Satyrs after its victorious return from India.

 

       Quoting Graves…..

“Sacred queenships and kingships lapsed in Greece; ambrosia then became, it seems, the secret element of the Eleusinian, Orphic and other Mysteries associated with Dionysus. At all events, the participants swore to keep silence about what they ate or drank, saw unforgettable visions, and were promised immortality”.

Demeter

Scythian gold pendant representing the head of the goddess Demeter (note Fleur de lis and Tree of Life symbolism) IV century B.C.  Kiev Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine. Above on the right is a wall carving of Persephone and Demeter adoring the sacred mushroom, from the Temple of Eleusis 450 B.C.

Soma in Greek Art redo

If you look closely you can see what appears to be encoded mushroom imagery associated with Dionysus the Greek God of the Good Life, and of the Vine, and Winemaking, and Ritual Madness, and Religious Ecstasy.

According to Graves (1961), the followers of Dionysus consumed fly agaric during the Dionysian festivals and mysteries, for it “bestows enormous physical power, erotic potency, delusional visions, and the gift of prophecy (Christian Ratsch: The Dictionary of Sacred and Magical Plants)”.

Mushrooms Encoded in Greek art 1

Above are Greek vessels (4th century B.C.) that encodes mushroom imagery?  Note that the vessel on the top left, (now in the Archaeological Museum of Florence), encodes what appears to be mushroom symbolism in association with the use of a mirror, similar to the Greek vessel above on the right, “hidden in plain sight”.

Etruscan art 1

According to the late ethno-mycologist Robert Gordon Wasson, “as early as the first millennium B.C., the real Soma plant disappeared from Vedic ritual and the name came to be applied to various substitutes, of which none had the same psychic effects as the original Soma, and all of which were known at least to the priestly caste to be substitutes” (Furst, 1976 p.98).

 Quoting Gerald Messadie, author of, “The History of the Devil”….

“The equilibrium of the world was maintained through sacrifices and the ritual offering of Soma, the juice of a plant that could well have been Amanita muscaria or Amanita phalloida mushrooms. The meaning of that rite is worthy of reflection: The world exists only on condition that humans inebriate themselves on certain fixed dates and circumstances, thus partaking of the nature of gods. This is the basic principle of the Greek mysteries, and it is also the basis of Judaism’s reactive hatred of drunkenness” (Gerald Messadie, 1997, p.38-39)

Mushrooms in Greek art Hidden in plain sight       “Hidden in Plain Sight”, four sacred mushrooms encoded just above the four tigers

            

               Quoting Ethno-mycologist Robert Gordon Wasson…

“What was this plant that was called “Soma” ? No one knows. Apparently its identity was lost some 3,000 years ago, when its use was abandoned by the priests. The earliest liturgical compositions of the Indo-Aryans, called the Brahmanas and put together after the hymns had been assembled, discuss the surrogates to be used for Soma in the ritual but fail to describe the original plant.”

” I believe that Soma was a mushroom, Amanita muscaria (Fries ex L.) Quel, the fly-agaric, the Fliegenpilz of the Germans, the fausse oronge or tue-mouche or crapaudin of the French, the mukhomor of the Russians. This flaming red mushroom with white spots flecking its cap is familiar throughout northern Europe and Siberia. It is often put down in mushroom manuals as deadly poisonous but this is false, as I myself can testify. Until lately it has been a central feature of the worship of numerous tribes in northern Siberia, where it has been consumed in the course of their shamanic sessions. Its reputation as a lethal plant in the West is, I contend, a splendid example of a tabu long outliving the religion that gave rise to it. Among the most conservative users of the fly-agaric in Siberia the belief prevailed until recent times that only the shaman and his apprentice could consume the fly-agaric with impunity: all others would surely die. This is, I am sure, the origin of the tabu that has survived among us down to our own day.”

(from Wasson’s, Soma of the Aryans:  ttp://www.iamshaman.com/amanita/soma- aryans.htm)

I find it hard to believe that there is still a debate among scholars concerning the true identity of the mystery plant, called Soma, mentioned over 100 times in the Rig Veda, the only plant / beverage known to have been deified in the history of human culture, (Furst, 1972:201). According to the Rig Veda, this mysterious plant called Soma was the source of an intoxicating drink known by the same name.

We are told that drinking Soma provides great physical strength and stamina, enough so, to pick up the earth itself, and the power of flight, to go beyond the limits of heaven and earth (Furst, 1976 p.97). We know that Soma was the focal point of Vedic religion, and that drinking Soma produces immortality, and that the gods drank Soma to make them immortal. The Rig Veda describes Soma as a small red plant having no leaves, and lacking both roots and blossoms, but having a stem that is juicy and meaty (Furst, 1976 p.97). While the actual identity of this sacred plant has been lost through time, both its description and the details of its preparation seem to point to the Amanita muscaria mushroom as the original sacrament….Yet the so-called experts outside the Vedic and Avestan religious traditions still conclude that Ephedra is the leading candidate for the original Soma ( From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia).

        In conclusion…..

 “Soma was a mushroom, the Amanita muscaria mushroom, and I would argue that all other candidates for Soma were  surrogates of the original plant, because none of the other candidates were secretly encoded in the religious art”.

                           “Hidden in Plain Sight”

Breaking the mushroom code & Soma in the Americas

                                     Soma encoded in Hindu Buddhist art.

http://www.mushroomstone.com/fleurdelisorigin.htm

Egypt cover

Egyptian sandstone carving (18th Dynasty 1570-1342 BC), depicting Pharaoh Akhenaton and wife Queen Nefertiti in profile, with hands raised to the sky to venerate what I propose are two Amanita muscaria mushrooms….Archaeologists have proposed that Pharaoh Akhenaton’s wife Queen Nefertiti may have been a Hittite princess, who came from the land of Mitanni, a small kingdom of Indo-Aryan people, just north of the Upper Euphrates, in what is today northern Iraq. Pharaoh Akhenaton is best known for introducing a “new religion” to Egypt, that was strongly supported by his wife Nefertiti, that made the Aten, the sun disc, the center of Egypt’s religious life, sometime around 1334-1336 B.C.  (Online source, Was Nefertiti, An Aryan Princess? by K. Gajendra Singh  http://www.boloji.com/index.cfm?md=Content&sd=Articles&ArticleID=763)

(source of authenticity…http://www.worldwidestore.com/36340c.htm).

(source http://www.mushroomstone.com/fleurdelisorigin.htm)

Breaking the Mushroom Code pic

Mycolatry: is a term used to describe the study of Mushroom Worship; specifically, worship of the entheogenic (God producing ?) mushroom species in proto-and prehistory as a means for communicating in grave circumstances with the Almighty Powers (Wasson, 1980 p.XIV).

Diffusionism: is a term often used to describe the origins of cultural characteristics and their spread from one society to another.

Quoting the late Ethno-mycologist R. Gordon Wasson…

“Now if, as seems likely, the Chinese once worshiped an hallucinogenic mushroom and employed it in religious ritual and medicine, and if some of their sages reached the New World, by accident or design, they could of course have introduced some of their own advanced pharmacological knowledge, or at least the idea of sacred mushrooms, to the ancient Mexicans. The same would apply to early India, whose calendrical system, like that of China, bears a perplexing resemblance to its pre-Hispanic Mexican counterpart” (Furst, 1976 p.104)
source http://www.mushroomstone.com/fleurdelisorigin.htm

China and Indus Valley figurines with mushrooms The great religions of Asia are derived from Vedism, the Vedas being the sacred texts that were introduced into the subcontinent of Asia around 1500 B.C. by a people called Aryans (a name they gave themselves which is Sanskrit for noble one) that postdated the Harappa/Indus civilization. In Zoroastrian religion, the same sacred plant was known as Haoma, and played a major role in Persian culture and mythology.

My study would suggest that Vedic traditions, along with the Fleur de lis symbol, migrated to the Americas sometime around 1000 BCE. to 600 BCE. with the rise of the ancient Olmecs, and that the Indians of the New World modeled their religion on Vedic beliefs and ritual practices.

Soma was referred to as the “God for Gods” seemingly giving him precedence above Indra and all other Gods (RV 9.42).

Quoting ethno-mycologist Robert Gordon Wasson…                

 “What was this plant that was called “Soma” ? No one knows. Apparently its identity was lost some 3,000 years ago, when its use was abandoned by the priests. The earliest liturgical compositions of the Indo-Aryans, called the Brahmanas and put together after the hymns had been assembled, discuss the surrogates to be used for Soma in the ritual but fail to describe the original plant.”

” I believe that Soma was a mushroom, Amanita muscaria (Fries ex L.) Quel, the fly-agaric, the Fliegenpilz of the Germans, the fausse oronge or tue-mouche or crapaudin of the French, the mukhomor of the Russians. This flaming red mushroom with white spots flecking its cap is familiar throughout northern Europe and Siberia. It is often put down in mushroom manuals as deadly poisonous but this is false, as I myself can testify.[3] Until lately it has been a central feature of the worship of numerous tribes in northern Siberia, where it has been consumed in the course of their shamanic sessions. Its reputation as a lethal plant in the West is, I contend, a splendid example of a tabu long outliving the religion that gave rise to it. Among the most conservative users of the fly-agaric in Siberia the belief prevailed until recent times that only the shaman and his apprentice could consume the fly-agaric with impunity: all others would surely die. This is, I am sure, the origin of the tabu that has survived among us down to our own day.”  (from Wasson’s, Soma of the Aryans:  ttp://www.iamshaman.com/amanita/soma- aryans.htm)

source http://www.mushroomstone.com/fleurdelisorigin.htm

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About deborhegyi
My research was inspired by a theory first proposed by my father, the late Maya archaeologist Dr. Stephan F. de Borhegyi, that hallucinogenic mushroom rituals were a central aspect of Maya religion. He based this theory on his identification of a mushroom stone cult that came into existence in the Guatemala Highlands and Pacific coastal area around 1000 B.C. along with a trophy head cult associated with human sacrifice and the Mesoamerican ballgame. My study, which is exclusively my own work, presents visual evidence that both the hallucinogenic Amanita muscaria mushroom and the Psilocybin mushroom were worshiped and venerated as gods in ancient Mesoamerica. These sacred mushrooms were so cleverly encoded in the religious art of the New World, "Hidden in Plain Sight" that prior to this study they virtually escaped detection. This online research study, "BREAKING THE MUSHROOM CODE" is an enormous document containing over 300 images, is presented in five parts at this time (the Home Page, Soma in the Americas, Part I and Part II, and 2012 Alert ). In the course of my study have found an abundance of archaeological evidence supporting the proposition that Mesoamerica, the high cultures of South America, and Easter Island shared, along with many other New World cultures, elements of a Pan American belief system so ancient that many of the ideas may have come from Asia to the New World with the first human settlers. I believe the key to this entire belief system lies, as proposed by R. Gordon Wasson, in early man's discovery of the mind-altering effects of various hallucinatory substances. The accidental ingestion of these hallucinogenic substances could very well have provided the spark that lifted the mind and imagination of these early humans above and beyond the mundane level of daily existence to contemplation of another reality. In summary, the encoded mushroom imagery occurred with such frequency and in such indisputably religious context that there can be no doubt as to their importance in the development and practice of indigenous religion.

One Response to Mushrooms Encoded in Religious Art

  1. UnfInished Work On Mushroom Soma Requires Group Panel Discussion {Debate}

    Part I — Decoding on Ancient Divine Soma Is a Precious Gift To The Mankind, Sages & Seer’s Of Bharat Research Already Completed.

    Part II — Documentary Report on ” VEDA VIGNAN MEIN RASHTRA DARSHAN ”

    Narayan

    Soma Shri.Sunil S.Sambare
    { Yog Somacharya }

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